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Os dizeres de um jornalista

por jpt, em 11.02.10

Vem muito a propósito do que em Portugal se vai dizendo sobre "liberdade de expressão". E do como dizem. E do quem diz o que diz como diz. Orwell num texto dedicado ao totalitarismo ("The prevention of literature", de 1945). E há sessenta anos a falar de hoje. E dos actuais pretendentes a mandarim, também.



"To keep the matter in perspective, let me repeat what I said at the beginning of this essay: that in England the immediate enemies of truthfulness, and hence of freedom of thought, are the Press lords, the film magnates, and the bureaucrats, but that on a long view the weakening of the desire of liberty among the intellectuals themselves is the most serious symptom of all. (...)


Meanwhile totalitarianism has not fully triumphed anywhere. Our own society is still, broadly speaking, liberal. To exercise your right of free speech you have to fight against economic pressure and against strong sections of public opinion, but not, as yet, against a secret police force. You can say or print almost everything so long as you are willing to do it in a hole-and-corner way. But what is sinister, as I said at the beginning of this essay, is that the conscious enemies of liberty are those to whom liberty ought to mean most. The big public do not care about the matter one way or the other. They are not in favour of persecuting the heretic, and they will not exert themselves to defend him. The are at once too sane and too stupid to acquire the totalitarian outlook. The direct, conscious attack on intellectual decency comes from the intellectuals themselves."



publicado às 01:27


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